Originally Posted by ErickSaint
Here is a closeup. This is after the needle goes to the bottom of its stroke and its starting to come back up as the hook is coming around. I can try to shoot some video if that helps.
A few more thoughts-
The upper thread shouldn't be pulled tight when you are trying to pick up the bobbin thread, IMO- just hold the end of the upper thread with some slack. In normal sewing, the fabric 'grabs' the thread as the needle retracts, leaving a loop hanging for the bobbin hook to snare.
The needle plate helps to guide the thread a bit; try replacing it.
What sort of thread are you using? Problems with the thread unlaying/fraying can be because of old or improper thread. Of course the close-up makes any bit of fuzz more prominent.
Even with a machine that's working well, I often have to try a couple of turns to get the bobbin thread pulled up - the first 'pass' can miss sometimes.